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  ✔本篇论文使用华联产品:Mouse&Rat miRNA OneArray  
 Cell Death & Disease. 2014 Oct 2. doi: 10.1038/cddis.2014.407.
 MicroRNA-207 enhances radiation-induced apoptosis by directly targeting Akt3 in cochlea hair cells 
 Y-w Yuan, P-x Tan, S-s Du, C Ren, Q-w Yao, R Zheng, R Li
  Abstract
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) have important roles in various types of cellular biological processes. Our study aimed to determine whether miRNAs function in the regulation of ionizing radiation (IR)-induced cell death in auditory cells and to determine how they affect the cellular response to IR. Microarray and qRT-PCR were performed to identify and confirm the differential expression of miRNAs in the cochlea hair cell line HEI-OC1 and in vivo after IR. Upregulation or downregulation of miRNAs using miRNA mimics or inhibitor were detected to characterize the biological effects of the indicated miRNAs. Bioinformatic analyses, luciferase reporter assays and mRNA knockdown were performed to identify a miRNA target gene. We determined that miR-207 was significantly upregulated after IR. MiR-207 enhances IR-induced apoptosis and DNA damage in HEI-OC1 cells. Furthermore, Akt3 was confirmed to be a direct target of miR-207. Downregulation of Akt3 mimics the effects of miR-207. MiR-207 enhances IR-induced apoptosis by directly targeting Akt3 and anti-miR-207 may have a potential role in protecting cochlea hair cells from IR.
   

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  ✔本篇论文使用华联产品:Mouse OneArray  
 Molecular Medicine Reports. 2015, 11(2):887-95. doi: 10.3892/mmr.2014.2823.
 Biological effect of ketamine in urothelial cell lines and global gene expression analysis in the bladders of ketamine‑injected mice
 
 
 Cheng‑huang Shen, Shou‑tsung Wang, Ying‑ray Lee, Shiau‑yuan Liu, Yi‑zhen Li, Jiann‑der Wu, Yi‑ju Chen, Yi‑wen Liu
  Abstract
Ketamine is used clinically for anesthesia but is also abused as a recreational drug. Previously, it has been established that ketamine‑induced bladder interstitial cystitis is a common syndrome in ketamine‑abusing individuals. As the mechanisms underlying ketamine‑induced cystitis have yet to be revealed, the present study investigated the effect of ketamine on human urothelial cell lines and utilized a ketamine‑injected mouse model to identify ketamine‑induced changes in gene expression in mice bladders. In the in vitro bladder cell line assay, ketamine induced cytotoxicity in a dose‑ and time‑dependent manner. Ketamine arrested the cells in G1 phase and increased the sub‑G1 population, and also increased the barrier permeability of these cell lines. In the ketamine‑injected mouse model, ketamine did not change the body weight and bladder histology of the animals at the dose of 30 mg/kg/day for 60 days. Global gene expression analysis of the animals' bladders following data screening identified ten upregulated genes and 36 downregulated genes induced by ketamine. A total of 52% of keratin family genes were downregulated, particularly keratin 6a, 13 and 14, which was confirmed by polymerase chain reaction analysis. Keratin 14 protein, one of the 36 ketamine‑induced downregulated genes, was also reduced in the ketamine‑treated mouse bladder, as determined by immunohistochemical analysis. This suggested that cytotoxicity and keratin gene downregulation may have a critical role in ketamine‑induced cystitis.
   

  ✔本篇论文使用华联产品:Human OneArray  
 Toxicology Research. 2015, 4, 365-375. doi: 10.1039/C4TX00181H.
 A gene signature for gold nanoparticle-exposed human cell lines
 
 
 Ruei-yue Liang, Hsin-fang Tu, Xiaotong Tan, Yu-shan Yeh, Pin Ju Chueh, Show-mei Chuang
  Abstract
There is currently a significant need for effective methods aimed at diagnosing and screening for nanoparticle exposure. We previously investigated the toxicity of three different particle sized gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) toward different types of mammalian cells and explored a related gene expression profile by cDNA microarray analysis of AuNP-exposed MRC-5 cells. In this study, we sought to further identify genes that could be used as biomarkers for AuNP exposure. We used cDNA microarray analysis to obtain comprehensive gene expression profiles from A549 cells exposed to three different-sized AuNPs. A total of 409 genes were commonly up-regulated by the tested AuNPs; of them, 71 had previously been analyzed to be up-regulated in MRC-5 cells. Among the top-ranked 30 of these 71 up-regulated genes, based on the magnitude of induction, nine genes were confirmed to be transcriptionally induced in A549 cells by all three tested AuNPs, as assessed by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qPCR). Among them, TSC22D3, TRIB3, PCK2 and DDIT4 were the most sensitive to the three AuNPs, and showed dose-dependent changes in several human cell lines. qPCR and immunoblotting analyses revealed that the same concentrations of micro-Au and nano-TiO2 failed to elicit up-regulation of these four genes at the mRNA and protein levels in any tested cell lines. Although the definition and practical implementation of specific biomarkers for nanoparticles is still in its infancy, our data suggest that it may be possible to define reliable biomarkers for the diagnosis of nanomaterial exposure.
   

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  ✔本篇论文使用华联产品:Mouse&Rat miRNA OneArray  
 Cellular And Molecular Biology Letters. DOI: 10.1515/cmble-2015-0034.
 Mechanical Strain Affects Some Microrna Profiles in Pre-Oeteoblasts
 
 
 
  Abstract
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are important regulators of cell proliferation, differentiation and function. Mechanical strain is an essential factor for osteoblast proliferation and differentiation. A previous study revealed that a physiological mechanical tensile strain of 2500 microstrain (με) at 0.5 Hz applied once a day for 1 h over 3 consecutive days promoted osteoblast differentiation. However, the mechanoresponsive miRNAs of these osteoblasts were not identified. In this study, we applied the same mechanical tensile strain to in vitro cultivated mouse MC3T3-E1 pre-osteoblasts and identified the mechanoresponsive miRNAs. Using miRNA microarray and qRT-PCR assays, the expression patterns of miRNAs were evaluated and 5 of them were found to be significantly different between the mechanical loading group and the control group: miR-3077-5p, 3090-5p and 3103-5p were significantly upregulated and miR-466i-3p and 466h-3p were downregulated. Bioinformatics analysis revealed possible target genes for these differentially expressed miRNAs. Some target genes correlated with osteoblast differentiation. These findings indicated that the mechanical strain changed the expression levels of these miRNAs. This might be a potential regulator of osteoblast differentiation and responses to mechanical strain.
   

  ✔本篇论文使用华联产品:Mouse&Rat miRNA OneArray  
 Bmc Genomics. doi: 10.1186/s12864-015-1896-3..
 Weight-reduction through a low-fat diet causes differential expression of circulating microRNAs in obese C57BL/6 mice
 
 
 
  Abstract
Background To examine the circulating microRNA (miRNA) expression profile in a mouse model of diet-induced obesity (DIO) with subsequent weight reduction achieved via low-fat diet (LFD) feeding. Results Eighteen C57BL/6NCrl male mice were divided into three subgroups: (1) control, mice were fed a standard AIN-76A (fat: 11.5 kcal %) diet for 12 weeks; (2) DIO, mice were fed a 58 kcal % high-fat diet (HFD) for 12 weeks; and (3) DIO + LFD, mice were fed a HFD for 8 weeks to induce obesity and then switched to a 10.5 kcal % LFD for 4 weeks. A switch to LFD feeding led to decreases in body weight, adiposity, and blood glucose levels in DIO mice. Microarray analysis of miRNA using The Mouse & Rat miRNA OneArray® v4 system revealed significant alterations in the expression of miRNAs in DIO and DIO + LFD mice. Notably, 23 circulating miRNAs (mmu-miR-16, mmu-let-7i, mmu-miR-26a, mmu-miR-17, mmu-miR-107, mmu-miR-195, mmu-miR-20a, mmu-miR-25, mmu-miR-15b, mmu-miR-15a, mmu-let-7b, mmu-let-7a, mmu-let-7c, mmu-miR-103, mmu-let-7f, mmu-miR-106a, mmu-miR-106b, mmu-miR-93, mmu-miR-23b, mmu-miR-21, mmu-miR-30b, mmu-miR-221, and mmu-miR-19b) were significantly downregulated in DIO mice but upregulated in DIO + LFD mice. Target prediction and function annotation of associated genes revealed that these genes were predominantly involved in metabolic, insulin signaling, and adipocytokine signaling pathways that directly link the pathophysiological changes associated with obesity and weight reduction. Conclusions These results imply that obesity-related reductions in the expression of circulating miRNAs could be reversed through changes in metabolism associated with weight reduction achieved through LFD feeding.